Periodontal Disease and Overall Body Health

Periodontal disease (gum disease) is when bacterial toxins from plaque and/or tartar infect the surrounding tissue and bone. Sometimes a periodontal “pocket”—which is the space between a tooth and gum, is created making it more difficult to clean.  If you have gum disease, you may be at increased risk for other conditions that affect your general health (see our blog). Good oral hygiene and frequent professional care are the keys to preventing periodontal disease.

The most common signs of gum disease include:

  • Bad breath
  • Gums that bleed when you brush or floss (smoking may mask gum disease because it constricts blood flow)
  • Calculus or tartar build-up
  • Red or swollen gums
  • Gums that recede
  • Pain when chewing
  • Loose teeth
  • Pus between your teeth
gum disease